That's because the large scale deployment works a little different with Windows.
If you're looking to deploy a configuration file/settings via Chrome you have two options.
1) You can use the Google Admin Console: https://support.google.com/chrome/a/answer/6177447
This is still untested from our side, so we are happy for any feedback shared in the process!
2) You can change configurations via policies:
On Windows instances that are joined to an Active Directory domain, you should be able to configure policies here:
For Chromium the path differs:
You can find more information on how to configure extensions via policy, here: https://www.chromium.org/administrators ... extensions